Climate services for marine fisheries¶
We aim to pioneer annual and multi-annual fisheries-related predictions by developing and operationalizing the first such products in collaboration with stakeholders. Furthermore, we will estimate their value of these products to both end-users and the sector in general.
- Mark Payne, DTU Aqua,
- Claus Reedtz Sparrevohn, DPPO
- Martin Pastoors, PFA
- First stakeholder meeting with Blue Action stakeholder groups, 2 February 2017, ICES, Copenhagen
Present: Claus Sparrevohn (DPPO), Martin Pastoors (PFA), Mark Payne (DTU-Aqua)
Introductory presentation of WP5 project, goals and objections to relevant SME stakeholder partners within the project
<Notes to follow>
- Second stakeholder meeting with Blue Action stakeholder groups, 15 June 2017, ICES, Copenhagen
Present: Claus Sparrevohn (DPPO), Martin Pastoors (PFA), Mark Payne (DTU-Aqua), Anna Miesner (DTU-Aqua)
Detailed discussion with SME stakeholder partners within the project about potential marine climate services that could be developed.
<Notes to follow>
- ICES Secretariat meeting, 16 June 2017, ICES Copenhagen
Meeting with key members of the ICES secretariat to discuss the types of forecast products (climate services) that could potentially be of valuable in the management and monitoring of European marine living resources
- ICES WKREDFISH Benchmark Workshop on Redfish in Northeast Arctic waters, 21 November 2017, ICES Copenhagen.
Workshop to establish assessment protocol for two stocks of Redfish in the North Atlantic.
Participation by Blue Action in this meeting needed to be cancelled due to sickness. However, a fruitful discuss was held via email between Benjamin Planque, Mark Payne and Daniel Howell. Doesn't appear to be an immediate or clear need for Climate Services within this group.
- ICES WKPELA2018 – Benchmark Workshop on pelagic stocks 2018 6 December 2017, ICES, Copenhagen
Workshop to establish assessment protocol for three herring stocks and one anchovy stock in the North Atlantic
Present: ~20 participants, including four stakeholder representatives from the fishing industry, and scientists involved in both the generation of scientific advice and the design and performance of resource monitoring programmes.
- Meeting with PFA, 6 December 2017
Present: Martin Pastoors (PFA) and Mark Payne (DTU-Aqua)
Location: Carried out in conjunction with the WKPELA meeting, ICES, Copenhagen
Martin and Mark discussed the current state of ideas with regard to the potential development of Climate Services for use by the Pelagic Freezer Trawler Association (PFA). Martin is particularly interested in pursuing the previously discussed idea regarding forecasts of the phenology (timing) of spawning of herring in the English channel. Martin showed data spanning the last 10 years obtained from a member fishing vessel showing the proportion of fish biomass made up by the gonads and how it varies through the spawning season: clear inter-annual variability in the timing of spawning is present, and the skippers have a strong impression that this is linked to the temperatures experience by the spawning fish. Mark noted that such temperatures in the North Sea are highly predictable on the seasonal time-scale. Furthermore, Mark also has analyses of data obtained from the International Herring Larval Survey (IHLS) and herring-maturity data from other vessels that can be used to support the development of the understanding necessary to underpin a Climate Service. Both Mark and Martin agreed that this example is highly promising as a candidate for developing a Climate Service and they will explore it further together.
Mark will be in the Netherlands on the 15th January for a meeting with WGIPS, and Martin and Mark agreed to try and meet again to discuss this idea further.
- Meeting with coordinators of Fangstjournalen - 13 December 2017
Present: Mark Payne (BA), Christian Skov (Fangstjournalen), Casper Gundelund Jørgensen (Fangstjournalen), Brian MacKenzie (BA),
Fangstjournalen is a Danish citizen science project that collects information from recreational fishers around Denmark with the aim of providing a unique perspective on the marine ecosystem. Users register information about their individual fishing trips (e.g. target species, weather conditions, time spent fishing, location, and catches) via an app that serves as a personal fishing log-book. The project has been running for several years and has a stable user-base with a good retention rate. We see this community as a somewhat unique opportunity to produce climate services that are of direct relevance to individual members of society, an audience that can be otherwise hard to reach in the context of marine fisheries.
Blue Action started its collaboration with Fangstjournalen in the form of a Skype meeting with the project coordinator, Christian Skov. We initially discussed the idea of holding a workshop with recreational anglers that could be used to define products that could be of relevance. However, we quickly agreed that it may be too early to hold a large event, given both that the main fishing season (spring / summer) is a long-way off and that we do not, as yet, have test products that could serve as a potential point of discussion. Instead, it was agreed to develop an "expert panel" of 5-10 active users of the app recruited from the Dansk Sportfiskerforbund (Danish Recreational Fishers Association - DSF) that could serve as a starting point to define what could potentially be of interest. This meeting would be held in January, most likely on the Danish island of Sjælland.
Several starting points were agreed on. Migratory fish species, such as Garfish (Belone belone) and Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) were viewed as being particularly relevant to users, as they migrate into and out of Danish waters: the likelihood of a successful fishing trip therefore varies throughout the year, throughout space, and between years, opening a niche for improved knowledge about the current and future state of these speices. Two different types of products that could be useful were also identified in discussions. The simpler of these is a "nowcast" product, where information is extracted from the Fangstjournalen database on a regular (e.g. weekly) and visualised (possibly with the aid of geostatistical models): maps from both the current season and previous seasons could be presented to users to gain an overview of the
current state of the migration. While the are technical hurdles (e.g. access to the database, anonymisation of data), there are few scientific hurdles. The second type
of product would be a forecast product, based on published linkages between temperature and migration phenology (timing) that are further developed in the project. A n
owcast product could be readily developed in time for the 2018 season, with a forecast product being ready in 2019.
Two main points were agree for further action
- CS would contact DSF to identify potential members of the expert panel
- MP would formulate an aim and an outline for the meeting
It was also agreed to meet again in person on Monday 18th December, when CS is in Copenhagen.
- PFA Annual Meeting - 27 December 2017, Amsterdam
Annual meeting of the Pelagic Freezer Trawler Association. Attended by skippers of vessels who could potentially give input regarding the types of climate services that are of relevance to them.
Participation in this meeting was cancelled on the recommendation of Martin Pastoors (PFA) at the 6th December meeting. It was generally viewed as being more productive to have the outline of a Climate Service product ready to discuss before attempting to engage skippers. Martin and Mark therefore agreed to work further together on developing such a product, with the aim of presenting more worked-out details at the summer or winter meetings of the PFA in 2018.
Planned stakeholder engagement activities
- Fangstjournalen key fishers meeting, early January, Silkeborg, Denmark
Meeting with recreational fishers who use the Citizen Science app "Fangstjournalen" to discuss climate service products that could be of relevance to them
- ICES WGIPS - Working Group on International Pelagic Surveys, 15 January 2018, Amsterdam
Planning group responsible for the design and implementation of scientific surveys covering pelagic stocks in the North Atlantic, and of particular interest the Blue Whiting fish stock
- ICES WGOOFE Working Group on Operational Oceanographic Products for Fisheries and Environment, 23 January 2018, ICES, Copenhagen
Working group developing operational oceanographic products for use in fisheries management
- ICES HAWG - Herring Assessment working group, 29 January 2018, ICES, Copenhagen
Working group performing the routine assessment of sandeel in the North Sea, a potentially predictable fish stock